Recommended Guns & Hunting Calibres/Ammunition

In order to cover the shooting of a wide range of game, a rifle in the .30 calibre is recommended. Hunting the Big Five requires a minimum .375 which is also a great all-round hunting rifle if you only want to bring one rifle on safari. It is also suitable for the hunting of a wide range of species.. For large antelope it is recommended that you use a medium calibre rifle .270 to a 30.06 or equivalent and for small antelope a .222 to a ..243 is recommended. It is also advisable for the hunter to bring between 40 to 60 rounds of ammunition per rifle. An important fact to remember is that a client would have to pay trophy fees for wounded and lost animals.

Sighting-in and Repairing

Travel and climatic conditions can effect the accuracy of your rifle. It is therefore advisable and recommended to check your equipment upon arrival in the safari camp. Most of the outfitters and professional hunting operation have all the necessary equipment for sighting-in of your rifles. It is recommended that your rifle be zero'd-in for 91 meters (100 yards), although some hunters prefer being 2.5 to 3.8cm high at 91 metros. Some of the bigger outfitters have fully equipped workshops that are able to facilitate most repairs. In most cases outfitters can substitute your rifle for a company rifle in case of emergencies.

Importation of Guns

Complete the temporary firearm import permit application (SAP520) in advance if possible and bring it with you ! It is important to note that the form must be completed in black ink and must remain unsigned until the document is finalized in front of the police official issuing the actual permit at the airport.

What you will need

  • Valid passport
  • Return Airline ticket
  • Letter of Invitation from your Hunting Outfitter
  • Proof of Ownership
  • Proof of export from country of origin


The following firearms and ammunition will not be allowed to enter South Africa:

  • Any automatic or semi-automatic firearms,
  • More than one firearm per calibre per person,
  • More than 200 rounds of ammunition per person per firearm,
  • Any pistol or revolver. (Unless specified for hunting)

Reasons why your application will not be approved:

  • If you have any of the abovementioned firearms and/or ammunition,
  • If any of the supporting documents as required cannot be produced,
  • If you are less than 21 years of age,

Your application for a temporary import permit will be refused and your firearms and ammunition will be confiscated and will only be handed back to you when you depart back to your country of residence.

Please take note that only the Central Firearm Registrar in Pretoria, South Africa can authorize special applications for the above restrictions. These applications have to be made in advance and must reach them not later than 3 (three) weeks before arrival. You will need a special motivation letter for this. Please contact the PHASA office for more info and assistance.